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Experts estimate that there are at least 1 nonillion bacteria on Earth. The symptoms of a bacterial or viral infection depend on the area of the body that is affected. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Many give off chemicals called toxins, which can damage tissue and make you sick. This is a list of the largest known epidemics (including pandemics) caused by an infectious disease.Widespread non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease and cancer are not included.. An epidemic is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time. Some examples of viral infections include: influenza ( the flu) common cold. Children and adults of any age can develop a bacterial infection. AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Epstein–Barr virus infectious mononucleosis, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, Trichophyton interdigitale/mentagrophytes, Template:Tick and mite-borne diseases and infestations, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_infectious_diseases&oldid=985288538, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, unknown; evidence supports that it is infectious, (New) Variant Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (vCJD, nvCJD). Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) CDC More. 50% due to Gram negative bacteria; 50% due to Gram positive bacteria. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. 10. If you have problems viewing PDF files, download the latest version of Adobe Reader. Infectious diseases designated as notifiable at the national level during 2020. Also known as whooping cough, pertussis is a bacterial infection of the respiratory tract caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis. ", National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse: "Irritable Bowel Syndrome. Urinary tract infections; Inappropriate use of antibiotics has helped create bacterial diseases that are resistant to treatment with different types of antibiotic medications. There are numerous bacterial strains some of which cause diseases. ", Alberts, B., et al: "Molecular Biology of the Cell. ", Cochrane Summaries: "The Use of Probiotics to Prevent C. Difficile Diarrhea Associated with Antibiotic Use. Most bacterial infections are caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph) or Streptococcus pyogenes (the same bacteria responsible for strep throat).. A bacterial infection can take many different forms depending on its location, type, even the age of the affected individual. Bacteria and viruses are different types of pathogens, organisms that can cause disease. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. Bacteria. Cystitis. This will cause tingling of muscles and even leads to lock-jaw and patients can soon die of suffocation if not promptly treated. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and algae. They also help with immunity, making the body less hospitable to bad bacteria and other harmful pathogens. / List of Common Infectious Diseases Bacterial, fungal, parasitic, prion, and viral infectious diseases are listed, and hereby discussed briefly, in this article. chickenpox. Bacterial Disease # 1. Salmonellosis. Instead, treatment usually focuses on managing symptoms and supporting … Common symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, bloating, gas and sometimes vomiting. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Probiotics seem to reduce gas, bloating, and abdominal pain associated with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Bacteria are larger than viruses and are capable of reproducing on their own. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Here presented the list of diseases caused by bacteria and viruses in humans Even smaller than bacteria, viruses cause a multitude of diseases ranging from the common cold to AIDS. The Black Plague These one-cell organisms are responsible for illnesses such as strep throat, urinary tract infections and tuberculosis. Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms, also known as prokaryotes. Antibiotics don't treat viruses, but they're sometimes prescribed in viral illnesses to help prevent a "secondary bacterial infection." Infection is a successful invasion of pathogenic micro-organisms including … Bacteria are small single celled organisms & are amongst the most successful life forms on planet. The bad bacteria cause diseases while good bacteria destroy bad bacteria and prevent diseases. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Meningitis. The vast majority of bacteria are harmless to people and some strains are even beneficial. 2008: "Respiratory Tract Infections -- Antibiotic Prescribing. Bacterial skin infections are fairly common and can range in severity from mild (albeit annoying) to life-threatening. ", Todar’s Online Textbook of Bacteriology: "The Normal Bacterial Flora of Humans. More serious symptoms include bloody diarrhea, fever and long-lasting diarrhea or vomiting. 10. Gastrointestinal infection is quite common and isn't usually serious. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Viruses are even smaller than bacteria and require living hosts — such as people, plants or animals — to multiply. Meningitis. ", Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Ear Infections. Common STDs caused by bacterial infections include: Harmful bacteria can affect almost any area of the body. Examples of bacteria that cause infections include Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, and E. coli. This bacterial infection is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis which infects the eye through body contact or secretion. 11. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) include infections of the urethra, bladder, and kidneys, and are common causes of urethritis, cystitis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis. Unlike bacterial infections, viral diseases don’t respond to antibiotics. Tetanus 7. You can experience generalized symptoms, such as fevers, chills, and fatigue as a result of a bacterial infection anywhere in the body. Pneumonia, meningitis, and food poisoning are just a few illnesses that may be caused by harmful bacteria. When you take antibiotics, follow the directions carefully. Bacteria come in three basic shapes: rod-shaped (bacilli), spherical (cocci), or helical (spirilla). Otherwise, they can't survive. ", )Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: "Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs). Here is a list of airborne infectious diseases that you should know about: Influenza Typically, influenza goes away without any medical intervention, but in certain situations, it can progress to cause potentially life-threatening complications, such as viral pneumonia and secondary bacterial … Skip directly to search Skip directly to A to Z list Skip directly to navigation Skip directly to page options Skip directly to site content. Plague 8. In the human gastrointestinal tract, good bacteria aid in digestion and produce vitamins. For example, runny nose, cough, headache, and fatigue can occur with the common cold (virus) and with a sinus infection (bacteria). This is a list of infectious diseases arranged by name, along with the infectious agents that cause them. A virus is micro organism, it is usually very difficult to kill. A doctor may use the presence of other symptoms (such as fever or body aches), the length of the illness, and certain lab tests to determine if an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or some other pathogen or disease process. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 03:04. Although, there are large number of antibiotics that can be used to treat Anthrax disease but its major requirement is quick action for treatment. List of human infectious diseases arranged by name. When considering all the strains of bacteria that exist, relatively few are capable of making people sick. Bacterial infections are one cause of foodborne illness. ", American Family Physician: "Common Bacterial Skin Infections", American Society for Microbiology - Microbe World: "Bacteria. 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